Injuries Interfering with
Vital Physiological Functions
ABCDE's of the Primary Survey
|Airway and Arterial
- Is the patient having difficulty breathing?
- Are there mandibular fractures interfering with the airway?
- Has a bite wound disrupted the larynx or trachea?
- Is subcutaneous emphysema present?
- Is there evidence of arterial hemorrhage?
- Is the patient in respiratory distress?
- What is the color of the mucous membranes?
- Does the respiratory distress worsen with positional changes?
- Is there evidence of thoracic penetration or a flail
- Are the peripheral veins distended?
- Is there evidence of a neurological injury?
- What is the motor posture of the animal?
- Is the animal bright, alert and responsive?
- Does the animal respond to painful stimuli?
- Are the pupils dilated, constricted, of equal size, and responsive to
- Is there an extremity fracture that might threaten a peripheral nerve?
- Are there lacerations?
- Is there bruising and is the bruising getting worse?
- Are there multiple fractures?
- Is the abdomen painful?
- Is there evidence of debilitation or concurrent disease?
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