Case 5: Emergency Priority and Treatment
Based upon the decreased heart rate and the appearance of the urine, hyperkalemia is likely present in "Cosmo".
Treatment is directed at protecting the heart and driving the extracellular potassium back into the cells.
Calcium chloride is used to protect the heart.
Correcting the extracellular
hyperkalemia is done with either intravenous sodium bicarbonate or insulin/glucose.